It is hard to understand the metaphysics of Active Directory (AD) which includes so many features and components. AD is a directory service which is responsible for coordinating network administration and security management of Windows based systems. AD was first implemented in 1996 and very soon absorbed by other systems because of its numerous benefits. It is the Active Directory only which distinguishes between a normal user and System Administrator. In this blog, we will discuss about the AD components which can be effectively managed with an active directory reporting & management tool.
What are the components that form the AD?
The AD components helps a Network Administrator in executing various jobs i.e. authorizing the users, certifying the users, network management, etc. The AD components can be classified into two types, resources and security enforcements. Every AD component functions independently and haves its own utility.
Forests: The forest resides at the very top level in AD hierarchy. It encapsulates all the attributes and syntax.
Domain (DNS): DNS is the sum total of computer objects linked through policies, users and member databases. The DNS plays a major role in holding the AD database. It creates a copy of every server based activity.
Organizational Units (OU): The Organizational units are combination of various domains. By grouping all the domains and providing a hierarchy for them it makes the network operations easy. An OU also segregates the domains for easy classification. It is also known as holder as it holds the domains. By using the Organizational Units a Network Administrator can deploy administrative and user policies.
Sites: Sites are actually the physical groups defined by IP subnets. This component helps a Network Administrator in identifying the areas of high and low connectivity. Sites help in regulating network traffic and linking clients with DC.
What the experts suggest?
For technically adroit Network Administrators also it becomes very difficult to manage the Active Directory. They can use the Lepide Active Directory Management and Reporting (LADMR) tool for executing the active directory reporting and management operations. The LADMR tool simplifies the cumbersome operations like user management, computer/ server management, OU management and group management.